Archived from the original PDF on Together with the nearby cities of Erfurt and Weimar , it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately , inhabitants, while the city itself has a population of about , Viele Unternehmungen sind auch alleine gar nicht in der Art möglich, wie das bei Gruppenaktionen der Fall ist.
During the s, another part of the historic city centre was demolished to build the Jen Tower. After , Jena became part of the refounded state of Thuringia. The city got a marketplace, main church, town hall, council and city walls during the late 13th and early 14th centuries making it into a fully fledged town. At the mountains is some forest of different leaf trees and pines. Around , the university became the largest and most famous one among the German states and made Jena the centre of idealist philosophy with professors like Johann Gottlieb Fichte , Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel , Friedrich Schiller and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling and of the early Romanticism with poets like Novalis, the brothers August and Friedrich Schlegel , and Ludwig Tieck. Since that time, production of optical items, precision machinery and laboratory glassware have been the main branches of Jena's economy.
Singles in Hof-Wunsiedel aufgepasst!
The A 4 runs quite next to the Lobeda housing complexes and the Leutra district. The Left left social democratic. Jena has no central railway station with connection to all the lines at one point. Doch nicht jeder macht sich gerne alleine auf den Weg und dann ist ja da noch die Planung, wenn man etwas Besonderes erleben möchte.
Cities in Thuringia by population. Gera — Chemnitz — Dresden. Another state-owned Gymnasium the Carl-Zeiss-Gymnasium Jena offers a focus in sciences also as an elite boarding school additionally to the common curriculum. Wine-growing was discontinued during the Little Ice Age around , but is now possible again due to global warming.
On the other hand, the GDR government founded a new pharmaceutical factory in , Jenapharm , which is part of Bayer today. Today there are approximately 21, students at this university. Another state-owned Gymnasium the Carl-Zeiss-Gymnasium Jena offers a focus in sciences also as an elite boarding school additionally to the common curriculum.
Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich. In autumn , the city saw the largest protests in its history before the GDR government was dissolved. Bei uns sind alle Singles und Alleinerziehenden aus Hof und Oberfranken herzlich willkommen. Kontakte knüpfen wird so leicht gemacht.
Sie sind alleinerziehend? Alleinerziehende sind hier willkommen!
On the other hand, the GDR government founded a new pharmaceutical factory in , Jenapharm , which is part of Bayer today. Both of these connect points of tourist interest: Most parts of city centre inside the former walls are pedestrian areas. The city's economy is based on the high-technology industry and research.
Resistance against the French occupation was strong, especially among the students. The historic city centre is located inside the former wall which is the area between Fürstengraben in the north, Löbdergraben in the east, Teichgraben in the south and Leutragraben in the west. Consequently, the reputation of the University and the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach as particularly liberal and open-minded was enhanced.
Both clubs' stadium is the Ernst-Abbe-Sportfeld. Due to its jagged surface, the municipal territory isn't very suitable for agriculture all the more since the most flat areas along the valley were built on during the 20th century. For compensation, there will be new regional express train services to Halle and Leipzig in the north and, already started, to Nuremberg in the south. Martin Luther visited the town to reorganize the clerical relations and Jena became an early centre of his doctrine. The Left left social democratic.
Furthermore, there is an extensive network of buses, run like the trams by the Jenah organization a pun on Jena and Nahverkehr , German for public transport. The modern optical and glass industry kept booming and the city grew further during Weimar times. There are only few historic building structures in this area e.
Zeiss, Abbe and Schott worked also as social reformers who wanted to improve the living conditions of their workers and the local wealth in general. There are only few historic building structures in this area e. Then, a demographic boom occurred with a population of 20, in , 50, in , 73, in , 81, in and , in Jena has a humid continental climate Dfb or an oceanic climate Cfb according to the Köppen climate classification system.