Germany is committed to the Paris Agreement and several other treaties promoting biodiversity, low emission standards, water management , and the renewable energy commercialisation. Retrieved 21 March Federal constitutional parliamentary republic. Retrieved 18 August
Find more about Germany at Wikipedia's sister projects. The Wessobrunner School exerted a decisive influence on, and at times even dominated, the art of stucco in southern Germany in the 18th century. Gorbachov , Tear down this wall!
The overall life expectancy in Germany at birth is In addition, there are 15 Biosphere Reserves , as well as 98 nature parks. History of Germany — Germany was the last country to host both the summer and winter games in the same year, in the Berlin Summer Games and the Winter Games in Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
The crisis of empire, A. Retrieved 16 April Other popular spectator sports include winter sports , boxing , basketball , handball , volleyball , ice hockey , tennis , horse riding and golf. Retrieved 28 March Germans perceived the treaty as humiliating and unjust and it was later seen by historians as influential in the rise of Adolf Hitler. Retrieved 7 July
Archived from the original on 11 November Uses editors parameter Articles with German-language external links Pages with login required references or sources Pages containing links to subscription-only content CS1 maint: Forbundsrepublikken Tyskland Low German:
Archived from the original on 22 September The Holy Roman Empire absorbed northern Italy and Burgundy under the reign of the Salian emperors — , although the emperors lost power through the Investiture Controversy. Archived from the original on 4 January When industrialisation spread across Europe, Classicism and a distinctive style of historism developed in Germany, sometimes referred to as Gründerzeit style , due to the economical boom years at the end of the 19th century. Archived from the original on 22 August
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The established universities in Germany include some of the oldest in the world , with Heidelberg University established in being the oldest. Twenty-seven million Germans are members of a sports club and an additional twelve million pursue sports individually. Archived from the original on 16 September Archived from the original on 15 February Large areas known since the Merovingian period as Austrasia , Neustria , and Aquitaine were conquered by the Franks who established the Frankish Kingdom , and pushed farther east to subjugate Saxony and Bavaria. Archived from the original on 2 April
Retrieved 4 June Archived from the original on 16 September Retrieved 10 March
German artists, writers and gallerists like Siegfried Bing , Georg Hirth and Bruno Möhring also contributed to the development of Art Nouveau at the turn of the 20th century, known as Jugendstil in German. Of the world's largest stock-market-listed companies measured by revenue in , the Fortune Global , 28 are headquartered in Germany. Retrieved 6 October In August , Hitler's government negotiated and signed the Molotov—Ribbentrop pact that divided Eastern Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. Retrieved 21 March
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Germany is part of the European single market which represents more than million consumers. Library of Congress Federal Research Division. Retrieved 14 May Retrieved 15 May
In the s and s, the German governments invited guest workers Gastarbeiter to migrate to Germany for work in the German industries. Flag Coat of arms. Most alliances in which Germany had previously been involved were not renewed.
- Archived from the original on 17 April Archived from the original on 9 December Uses editors parameter Articles with German-language external links Pages with login required references or sources Pages containing links to subscription-only content CS1 maint: Archived PDF from the original on 21 September In addition, there are 15 Biosphere Reserves , as well as 98 nature parks.
- Archived from the original on 4 June From , the dualism between the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and the Kingdom of Prussia dominated the German history. Artistic and cultural centres throughout the German states produced such artists as the Augsburg painters Hans Holbein and his son , and Albrecht Dürer. Archived from the original on 25 June
Roots of the Holocaust. Simultaneously several large tribes formed in what is now Germany and displaced or absorbed smaller Germanic tribes. Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany. It has played an influential role in the European Union since its inception and has maintained a strong alliance with France and all neighbouring countries since The finds include 42,year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments ever found,  the 40,year-old Ice Age Lion Man which is the oldest uncontested figurative art ever discovered,  and the 35,year-old Venus of Hohle Fels which is the oldest uncontested human figurative art ever discovered. Germany's most-visited landmarks include e.
Militärisches Personal der Bundeswehr [Strength: German philosophy is historically significant: King Frederick William IV of Prussia was offered the title of Emperor, but with a loss of power; he rejected the crown and the proposed constitution, leading to a temporary setback for the movement.
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Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics IPP in Greifswald in May started the preparations for operation of this the world's largest fusion device of the stellarator type. After the federal election of , Chancellor Heinrich Brüning 's government was enabled by President Paul von Hindenburg to act without parliamentary approval. States with limited recognition. Archived from the original on 15 March Retrieved 1 October Archived from the original on 5 October
Germans produce their ubiquitous sausages in almost 1, varieties, including Bratwursts , Weisswursts , and Currywursts. The discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least , years ago. Germany most popular country in the world. Outline Index Book Category Portal.