Wie viele Muslime leben in Deutschland? Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 1 May
Forced Labour under Third Reich. Archived from the original on 4 June By , Germany and other Axis powers controlled most of continental Europe and North Africa , but following the Soviet Union's victory at the Battle of Stalingrad , the allies' reconquest of North Africa and invasion of Italy in , German forces suffered repeated military defeats. Quartal XLS in German. The established universities in Germany include some of the oldest in the world , with Heidelberg University established in being the oldest. Retrieved 20 January
The largest conurbation is the Rhine-Ruhr region Other notable artists who work with traditional media or figurative imagery include Martin Kippenberger , Gerhard Richter , Sigmar Polke , and Neo Rauch. German artists, writers and gallerists like Siegfried Bing , Georg Hirth and Bruno Möhring also contributed to the development of Art Nouveau at the turn of the 20th century, known as Jugendstil in German. Germany's new political leadership signed the Treaty of Versailles in Archived from the original on 25 December
Retrieved 9 June Retrieved 18 March The German revolutions of —49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights.
This article is about the country. Other religions comprising less than one per cent of Germany's population  are Buddhism with , adherents, Judaism with , adherents, and Hinduism with some , adherents. A History of Eastern Europe: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. West Germany was established as a federal parliamentary republic with a social market economy . Director Fritz Lang 's Metropolis is referred to as the first major science-fiction film.
The Seduction of Genius. Notable sub-styles that evolved since the 18th century are the German spa and seaside resort architecture. The German revolutions of —49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In census, as people with immigrant background Personen mit Migrationshintergrund were counted all immigrants, including ethnic Germans that came to the federal republic or had at least one parent settling here after Archived from the original on 4 July
Mai in Berlin PDF. Germans perceived the treaty as humiliating and unjust and it was later seen by historians as influential in the rise of Adolf Hitler. Transport in Germany and Rail transport in Germany. Publications of the German Historical Institute.
Archived from the original on 5 November By late , the Western allies had entered Germany despite one final German counter offensive in the Ardennes Forest. Archived from the original on 31 January After the federal election of , Chancellor Heinrich Brüning 's government was enabled by President Paul von Hindenburg to act without parliamentary approval. Gottfried Leibniz 's contributions to rationalism ; the enlightenment philosophy by Immanuel Kant ; the establishment of classical German idealism by Johann Gottlieb Fichte , Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling ; Arthur Schopenhauer 's composition of metaphysical pessimism; the formulation of communist theory by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels ; Friedrich Nietzsche 's development of perspectivism ; Gottlob Frege 's contributions to the dawn of analytic philosophy ; Martin Heidegger 's works on Being; Oswald Spengler 's historical philosophy; the development of the Frankfurt School by Max Horkheimer , Theodor Adorno , Herbert Marcuse and Jürgen Habermas have been particularly influential.
Geographically, Protestantism is concentrated in the northern, central and eastern parts of the country. Retrieved 6 October Archived from the original on 2 February Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany. Germany is in Western and Central Europe , with Denmark bordering to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria to the southeast, Switzerland to the south-southwest, France, Luxembourg and Belgium lie to the west, and the Netherlands to the northwest. German artists, writers and gallerists like Siegfried Bing , Georg Hirth and Bruno Möhring also contributed to the development of Art Nouveau at the turn of the 20th century, known as Jugendstil in German.
Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung. The crisis of empire, A. Archived from the original on 25 February Archived from the original on 11 February Germany's capital and largest metropolis is Berlin , while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr , with its main centres of Dortmund and Essen. Archived from the original on 27 October
Then, it will be sent to Rome, the Italian government being the depository of the Treaties. Retrieved 30 August Gorbachov , Tear down this wall!
Being home to the modern car , the automotive industry in Germany is regarded as one of the most competitive and innovative in the world,  and is the fourth largest by production. Most of the German universities are public institutions, and students traditionally study without fee payment. Germany is the seventh most visited country in the world,  with a total of million overnights during This warmer water affects the areas bordering the North Sea; consequently in the northwest and the north the climate is oceanic.
German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions to film. Other religions comprising less than one per cent of Germany's population  are Buddhism with , adherents, Judaism with , adherents, and Hinduism with some , adherents. Forbundsrepublikken Tyskland Low German: Archived PDF from the original on 9 February In the German federal election, , the right-wing populist Alternative for Germany gained enough votes to attain representation in the parliament for the first time.
With Switzerland and Austria, Germany also shares a border on the fresh-water Lake Constance , the third largest lake in Central Europe. During his tenure as violinist and teacher at the Salzburg cathedral, Augsburg-born composer Leopold Mozart mentored one of the most noted musicians of all time: World Development Indicators database. A developed country with a very high standard of living , it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection , and a tuition-free university education. Archived from the original on 25 January With more than 6.