Retrieved 27 April The Age of Enlightenment. Goethe clearly saw human sexuality as a topic worthy of poetic and artistic depiction, an idea that was uncommon in a time when the private nature of sexuality was rigorously normative. In , when the chancellor of the Duchy's Exchequer left his office, Goethe agreed to act in his place for two and a half years; this post virtually made him prime minister and the principal representative of the Duchy. The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla:
The French spoon guards, the least disciplined soldiers, occupied Goethe's house:. The first production of Richard Wagner 's opera Lohengrin took place in Weimar in In he wrote the book which would bring him worldwide fame, The Sorrows of Young Werther.
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Archived from the original on 10 November He produced volumes of poetry, essays, criticism, a theory of colours and early work on evolution and linguistics. Retrieved 28 August
The plant forms which surround us were not all created at some given point in time and then locked into the given form, they have been given After , Goethe devoted his endeavours primarily to literature. The first production of Richard Wagner 's opera Lohengrin took place in Weimar in Goethe embodied many of the contending strands in art over the next century:
All its parts have a direct effect on one another, a relationship to one another, thereby constantly renewing the circle of life; thus we are justified in considering every animal physiologically perfect. Tetz, Mischmasch von Irrtum und Gewalt. Goethe was also a cultural force, who argued that the organic nature of the land moulded the people and their customs—an argument that has recurred ever since. Goethe became also acquainted with Frankfurt actors.
This stood in sharp contrast to the prevailing Enlightenment view that reason was sufficient to create well-ordered societies and good laws. Goethe's original draft of a Faust play, which probably dates from —74, and is now known as the Urfaust , was also published after his death. Christian August Vulpius brother-in-law. Goethe studied law at Leipzig University from to Entitled Götz von Berlichingen , the work went directly to the heart of Goethe's contemporaries.
The cross symbol he drew has been variously understood as meaning Christianity, Christ, or death. He was fascinated by mineralogy , and the mineral goethite iron oxide is named after him. By , Goethe was on amiable terms with Kaspar Maria von Sternberg.
How could I, to whom the only significant things are civilization [ Kultur ] and barbarism, hate a nation which is among the most cultivated in the world, and to which I owe a great part of my own culture? Some well-known quotations are often incorrectly attributed to Goethe. Goethe finished Faust Part Two in the year of his death, and the work was published posthumously. At this time, Goethe was acquainted with the court of Darmstadt , where his inventiveness was praised. In Alsace , Goethe blossomed.
He detested learning age-old judicial rules by heart, preferring instead to attend the poetry lessons of Christian Fürchtegott Gellert. During his Italian journey, Goethe formulated a theory of plant metamorphosis in which the archetypal form of the plant is to be found in the leaf — he writes, from top to bottom a plant is all leaf, united so inseparably with the future bud that one cannot be imagined without the other. Goethe wrote of both boys and girls: Archived from the original on 6 October The first operatic version of Goethe's Faust, by Louis Spohr , appeared in Dichtung und Wahrheit Italian Journey.
Goethe also received lessons in dancing, riding and fencing. His poetry was set to music by almost every major Austrian and German composer from Mozart to Mahler , and his influence would spread to French drama and opera as well. More importantly, however, the work of Johann Joachim Winckelmann had provoked a general renewed interest in the classical art of ancient Greece and Rome. Though he had studied law in Leipzig and had been appointed Imperial Councillor, he was not involved in the city's official affairs. The intimate bond with von Stein lasted for ten years, after which Goethe abruptly left for Italy without giving his companion any notice. Retrieved 6 July
Retrieved 2 January Followers of the twentieth century esotericist Rudolf Steiner built a theatre named the Goetheanum after him—where festival performances of Faust are still performed. Die neuen Leiden des jungen W. In the decades which immediately followed its publication in , Italian Journey inspired countless German youths to follow Goethe's example. And, between ourselves, I never hated the French, although I thanked God when we were rid of them. No other landscape has he described as affectionately as the warm, wide Rhine area.
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Goethe embodied many of the contending strands in art over the next century: If I tire of her as a girl, she'll play the boy for me as well Goethe, He was an early participant in the Sturm und Drang literary movement. Every Jew, no matter how insignificant, is engaged in some decisive and immediate pursuit of a goal. Goethe's journey to the Italian peninsula and Sicily from to was of great significance in his aesthetic and philosophical development. In the last period, between Schiller's death, in , and his own, appeared Faust Part One , Elective Affinities , the West-Eastern Diwan a collection of poems in the Persian style, influenced by the work of Hafez , his autobiographical Aus meinem Leben: