In , there were 11, births in Cologne of which Temperatures can vary significantly over the course of a month with warmer and colder weather. This biographical article relies too much on references to primary sources. Views Read Edit View history.
Retrieved 28 October For every 1, males, there were 1, females. Archived from the original on July 14,
Thus this region later became part of Napoleon's Empire. Archived from the original on 25 January Public and state colleges: In the city, the population was spread out with September Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Other tall structures include the Hansahochhaus designed by architect Jacob Koerfer and completed in —it was at one time Europe's tallest office building , the Kranhaus buildings at Rheinauhafen , and the Messeturm Köln trade fair tower. For every 1, males, there were 1, females. As the largest city in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region, Cologne benefits from a large market structure. Significant minority populations .
Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 26 January They are from south to north: Archived from the original PDF on June 16, Cologne-Bonn Airport is the second largest freight terminal in Germany.
The long tradition of a free imperial city, which long dominated an exclusively Catholic population and the age-old conflict between the church and the bourgeoisie and within it between the patricians and craftsmen have created its own political climate in Cologne. Germany's Oldest Jewish Community. The city became—and still is—home to a number of federal agencies and organizations. Several horse races per year are held at Cologne-Weidenpesch Racecourse since , the annual Cologne Marathon was started in
Retrieved 26 July In the s and s Cologne's economy prospered for two main reasons. After reunification in , Berlin was made the capital of Germany. Views Read Edit View history.
Some of this urban growth occurred at the expense of the city's historic heritage with much being demolished for example, the city walls or the area around the cathedral and sometimes replaced by contemporary buildings. From top to bottom, left to right: The rebuilding of those churches and other landmarks such as the Gürzenich event hall was not undisputed among leading architects and art historians at that time, but in most cases, civil intention prevailed.
January 5, Label: Retrieved 20 March During the Middle Ages it flourished on one of the most important major trade routes between east and west in Europe. Following the Battle of Worringen in , Cologne gained its independence from the archbishops and became a Free City. This was an opportunity to create two green belts Grüngürtel around the city by converting the fortifications and their fields of fire into large public parks.
Parts of the original Roman sewers are preserved underneath the city, with the new sewerage system having opened in For other uses of Cologne, see Cologne disambiguation. This was considered to be a replacement for the loss of the University of Strasbourg on the west bank of the Rhine, which reverted to France with the rest of Alsace.
Today, this is the Bundesautobahn Vehicle and engine manufacturing was especially successful, though the heavy industry was less ubiquitous than in the Ruhr area. The German flag carrier Lufthansa and its subsidiary Lufthansa CityLine have their main corporate headquarters in Cologne. Compared to some other major cities, however, the Nazis never gained decisive support in Cologne.
- GfK Entertainment in German. Cologne 1 Dortmund 1. For every 1, males, there were 1, females. Retrieved August 3,
- The permanent tensions between the Roman Catholic Rhineland and the overwhelmingly Protestant Prussian state repeatedly escalated with Cologne being in the focus of the conflict. Cologne 1 Dortmund 1. With Bonn being chosen as the provisional federal capital provisorische Bundeshauptstadt and seat of the government of the Federal Republic of Germany then informally West Germany , Cologne benefited by being sandwiched between two important political centres. Places adjacent to Cologne. It is located within the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region which is Germany's largest and one of Europe's major metropolitan areas. Zülpicher Strasse and its surroundings, Neumarkt square, Heumarkt and all bars and pubs in the city are crowded with people in costumes dancing and drinking in the streets.
By the end of , however, the population had already recovered to approximately , In the University of Cologne , closed by the French in , was reopened. Retrieved 13 March Please help improve it by removing promotional content and inappropriate external links , and by adding encyclopedic content written from a neutral point of view. Urban and rural districts in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. Retrieved 7 July
With the intention of restoring as many historic buildings as possible, the successful postwar rebuilding has resulted in a very mixed and unique cityscape. Cologne is regularly affected by flooding from the Rhine and is considered the most flood-prone European city. This eventually resulted in him forming his first group which he called Chances. This was not completed until Cologne-Bonn Airport is the second largest freight terminal in Germany.