Archived from the original on 12 April The Cambridge Ancient History. Germany was affected by the European migrant crisis in as it became the final destination of choice for many asylum seekers from Africa and the Middle East entering the EU. In what later became known as The Holocaust , the German government persecuted minorities and used a network of concentration and death camps across Europe to conduct a genocide of what they considered to be inferior peoples. Germany has been the home of many famous inventors and engineers , including Hans Geiger , the creator of the Geiger counter ; and Konrad Zuse , who built the first fully automatic digital computer. Science and technology in Germany.
Archived from the original on 24 September Currently the population is covered by a health insurance plan provided by statute, with criteria allowing some groups to opt for a private health insurance contract. They were informally known as West Germany and East Germany. Archived from the original on 25 September Find more about Germany at Wikipedia's sister projects.
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German electronic music gained global influence, with Kraftwerk and Tangerine Dream pioneering in this genre. German designers became early leaders of modern product design , with the Bauhaus designers like Mies van der Rohe , and Dieter Rams of Braun being essential pioneers. The collections of folk tales published by the Brothers Grimm popularised German folklore on an international level. Transport in Germany and Rail transport in Germany. A Concise History of Germany. Optional kindergarten education is provided for all children between three and six years old, after which school attendance is compulsory for at least nine years.
The Bundesverfassungsgericht Federal Constitutional Court is the German Supreme Court responsible for constitutional matters, with power of judicial review. A German Dream for Crisis Refugees. Archived from the original on 5 July Archived PDF from the original on 21 September The New Objectivity arose as a counter-style to it during the Weimar Republic. Retrieved 9 December
Retrieved 7 May Artistic and cultural centres throughout the German states produced such artists as the Augsburg painters Hans Holbein and his son , and Albrecht Dürer. Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 15 July Archived from the original on 30 April The Roman Empire and its Germanic Peoples.
Germany comprises sixteen federal states which are collectively referred to as Bundesländer. Retrieved 18 July The Goethe-Institut is a non-profit German cultural association operational worldwide with institutes. Archived from the original PDF on 9 January Retrieved 26 January
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Among the major German political projects of the early 21st century are the advancement of European integration , the energy transition Energiewende for a sustainable energy supply, the Debt Brake for balanced budgets, measures to increase the fertility rate significantly pronatalism , and high-tech strategies for the future transition of the German economy, summarised as Industry 4. Similarly, Britain, France and Russia also concluded alliances that would protect them against Habsburg interference with Russian interests in the Balkans or German interference against France. Wild animals include roe deer , wild boar , mouflon a subspecies of wild sheep , fox , badger , hare , and small numbers of the Eurasian beaver. Central and southern Germany are transition regions which vary from moderately oceanic to continental. Retrieved 7 May
The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy. The subsequent and decisive Prussian victory in the Austro-Prussian War of enabled him to create the North German Confederation Norddeutscher Bund which excluded Austria from the federation's affairs. There were also unions in other smaller German states happening independent of each other.
Archived from the original PDF on 1 January There were also unions in other smaller German states happening independent of each other. Cambridge University Press, pp. The Wessobrunner School exerted a decisive influence on, and at times even dominated, the art of stucco in southern Germany in the 18th century. Archived from the original on 27 March Accessed 21 May
Germany is well known for such folk festival traditions as Oktoberfest and Christmas customs , which include Advent wreaths , Christmas pageants , Christmas trees , Stollen cakes, and other practices. Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 23 April
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Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany. In , then again in and , the two dominant German states of Prussia and Austria, along with the Russian Empire , agreed to the Partitions of Poland ; dividing among themselves the lands of the Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth. Volume 10 2nd ed. Retrieved 15 March September bis Following the fall of Napoleon , the Congress of Vienna convened in founded the German Confederation Deutscher Bund , a loose league of 39 sovereign states.
Archived from the original on 3 February Outline Index Book Category Portal. This warmer water affects the areas bordering the North Sea; consequently in the northwest and the north the climate is oceanic. A History of Eastern Europe:
Retrieved 10 December Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. Member states of the European Union. Constructors like BMW and Mercedes are prominent manufacturers in motor sport. A German Dream for Crisis Refugees.
Cambridge University Press, pp. In state of defence , the Chancellor would become commander-in-chief of the Bundeswehr. Its monetary policy is set by the European Central Bank , which is headquartered in Frankfurt , the financial centre of continental Europe. Archived from the original on 19 July Retrieved 31 January This article is about the country.
Archived PDF from the original on 12 July The German revolutions of —49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. Archived from the original on 24 July Schütz and Gruber, Mythos Reichsautobahn: